1.There be 结构
eg.There are twenty girls in our class.have也解释为“有”但是与there be有区别，它的含义是“所有，属有”，其主语为某人。eg.I have a nice watch.
b.There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致。
c.There is a river near our school.
否：There is not a river near our school.
问：Is there a river near our school.
回答：Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.
划⑴How many rivers are there near our school?
⑵What’s near our school?
d.there be 结构的一般将来时，同学们较难掌握，其正确形式为：there is going to be
e.反意疑问句的构成：There is no water in the glass, is there?
eg.Mike has bought some foreign stamps.
So has Bob.=Bob has bought some,too.
eg.Mother has never been to Japan.
Neither has Father.=Father has never been to Japan, either.
eg.A:Mike is right in the classroom.
B:So he is.=He is really in the class room.
⑴It’s two weeks since we met last.(自从我们上次见面已有两个星期了)
⑵How long is it since we left Beijing?(自从我们离开北京已有多久了
eg.Go straight on and you’ll see a school. =If you go straight on, you’ll see a school.
eg.Work hard, or you will fall behind the other students.
=If you don’t work hard, you’ll fall behind the other.
6. The+比较级...，the+比较级... 越...越...
eg.⑴The more, the better. 越多越好。
⑵The harder you work on it, the better you’ll be at it.(你越用功，你就越好。)
7.How do you like the film? =What do you think of the film? (你认为这部电影怎样?)
eg.A:What have you done with the library book?
B:I’ve just returned it to the library.
9.I don’t know what to do.我不知道该怎么办?
I don’t know how to do. ×
eg.⑴What’s the weather like? 天气如何?
⑵What’s your school like? 你们学校是什么样的?
eg.What do you want a science lab for?=Why do you want a science lab?
12.one of +最高级+复数 最...之一
eg.Miss Zhao is one of the most popular teachers.
13.find it +形容词+to do
eg.I find it useful to learn English well. (我发觉学好英语是很有用的)
find +宾语 +名词 eg.I find him a good boy. (我发现他是个好男孩.)
find +宾语 +形容词 eg.I find the door open/closed. (我发现门开/关着)
I find our bags filled with/full of presents. (我发现我们的包装满了礼物)
14.I don’t think+肯定句 我想...不
eg.I don’t think I’ll take it. (我想我不买它了)
15.prefer A to B=like A better than B 更喜欢A不怎么喜欢B.
eg. I prefer fish to chicken.= I like fish better than chicken
16.had better do sth.最好干某事.
否定:had better not do sth.
eg.You’d better catch a train.
You’d better not talk in class.
You’d better not be late for the class.
17.It is good (nice)of+宾格+to do sth.
eg.It is very good of you to teach me English. (你教我英语真是太好了)
18.It takes sb. some time to do sth.(干某事化费某人多少时间)
=sb.spend some time on sth. (in) doing sth.
eg.It took me half an hour to do the work. =I spent half an hour in doing the work.
19.sb.pay 钱 for 物 某物化费了某人多少钱 =sb.spend 钱 on 物 =物 cost sb.钱
eg.I paid thirty yuan for the coat.
=I spent thirty yuan on the coat.
=The coat cost me thirty yuan.
20.have been to 某人曾去过某地,现在人不在那儿
sb.have been in +地点 某人呆在某地(一段时间)
have gone to 某人已去某地,人不在这儿
21.⑴ too…形容词(副词)+to…"太…而不能" "太…以致于不"
eg.①The basket is too heavy for me to carry. 这篮子太重我拿不动。
②This colour TV is too expensive for us to buy. 这台彩电对我们来说太贵了，买不起。
①The basket is so heavy that I can’t carry it.
②This colour TV is so expensive that we can’t afford it.
22.What’s the population of ...? ...人口有多少?
不说How much population in...?形容人口数量的大用large
eg.The population of China is ten times as large as that of the USA
23.I’ve come to return your pan. (我跑来是还你锅的) →Why have you come? 而不用What
eg.He says that he won’t be free until tomorrow.他说他需到明天方才有空。
eg.You’d better wait until tomorrow. (你最好等到明天)
eg.Neither Tom nor his brothers know how to spell the word "hundred".
Either you or she is right. (谓语动词就近原则)
eg.Both Jim and I are in Grade One (主语看作复数)